How sports injuries can have a long-term effect
Participators in sports are no stranger to injuries. Many sports injuries can have long term effects on your life. Usually sports injuries occur as a result of insufficient warm up, overuse, unfortunate accidents, overexertion of ligaments and muscles, or clashing into another player. Overuse injuries occur overtime due to stress on joints, muscles and soft tissues. They begin as nagging, small pain or aches and can grow into a debilitating injury if not treated in a timely manner. Neglecting a sports injury may end up doing more harm to the joints and body in the future.
Here are some examples of these injuries:
• Fracture: highly intense sports put you at risk of other bone injuries i.e. breaking a bone. A broken bone may cause tenderness around the injured area, significant tenderness around the injured area, significant bruising, swelling and bleeding sometimes. It makes you unable to use the affected limb. Pain caused by fracture can also be severe and make you feel sick, dizzy and faint. Repeated injuries in the same bone put you risk of developing arthritis in the future.
• Sciatica: sciatica symptoms include weakness, numbness, tingling and pain that originate in the lower back and travel through the buttock and reach to the back of each leg. If problem exceeds it may compress the spinal cord and may result in severe symptoms including weakness and paralysis.
• Shoulder dislocation: many sports activities exert so much force that it displaces your shoulder from its socket. Symptoms include restricted arm movement, loss of shoulder contour and swelling until fully recovered. Recurrence is relatively high for dislocation injuries which may stretch out the ligaments.
• Tennis elbow: it is caused by overuse of elbow. Tennis elbow is an inflammation of tendons that join the forearm muscles. Forearm tendons and muscles become damaged from overuse. If left untreated it can become chronic and last for months and years.
• Meniscus tear: meniscus is a piece of cartilage that provides cushions between your skin bone and thigh bone. They can be torn or damaged during activities that pit pressure on the knee joint. Constant rubbing of torn meniscus may cause wear and tear surface leading to degeneration of joint that limit your mobility.
• Patella dislocation: also called kneecap dislocation. It occurs when the kneecap slips from its normal position. It puts an immense amount of stress on the knees. Knee cap dislocation leaves you in pain and you may be unable to walk for few months.
• Sprain: it happens when there is stress on joints. Those who may have had a severe sprain in the past, are more susceptible to new sprains in the same area. Risk factors include instability.
• ACL injuries: an ACL is the tearing or over stretching of the Anterior Crucial ligament in the knee. Athletes who undergo surgical replacement of the ligament are at risk of undergoing a 2nd surgery later. It may increase the chances of repeated injuries.
Radiological findings indicate that effects of intense physical injury can develop spinal pathology, back pain, and affects the physical growth and high risk of osteoarthritis. Always make sure to pay attention to your body aches and pains. Sports are great tools for building character and lifelong fitness but you should be aware of the risks.